The Indian defence forces exemplifies the highest ideals that India a nation stands for: glory, duty, sacrifice and valour. From the frozen landscapes of Saichen to the blistering heat of Rajasthan, the Indian defence forces protect over a billion people in our country from all noxious threats that continue to plague our borders. The entire nation bows with gratitude to honor the supreme sacrifices and struggles made by the Indian armed forces. Their bravery and extraordinary dedication for the country have inspired millions of Indians to work for the country’s betterment and push to greater heights of success with every passing day.
India’s defence force is a significantly important part of the nation. With over 1.44 million active defence personnel, India is counted among the world’s largest armed forces. In addition, India holds the world’s largest volunteer military with over 51 lakh volunteers. The Indian defence forces have a total budget of 4.78 lakh crores for the fiscal year 2021. Active participation of youth has contributed in enhancing combating capabilities of the defence forces. The defence forces of India select youngsters by conducting exams like AFCAT, NDA, CDS etc.
The Indian defence forces were always capable of protecting the nation from antagonisms. Importance of the Indian defence forces is stated as below:
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- Poured gallantry efforts while combating various wars
The Indian defence forces have shown gallantry efforts while fighting many wars. The list of such wars is states below:
- First Indo-Pak War, 1947:
This conflict is also known as the first Kashmir War. This war broke out in October 1947 when Pakistan realised that Maharaja of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir would approach India for help. After the partition, states were given the option of joining either India or Pakistan or remaining independent. Maharaja Hari singh chose to remain independent and controlled the princely states, Jammu and Kashmir. Threats from muslim community and inefficiency in combating capabilities of Maharaja made him seek help from India.
- Invasion of Goa, 1961:
Tensions between India and Portugal erupted in 1961 over the occupied territory of Goa by Portuguese, which India claimed. The Indian government agreed to reconquer after the portuguese police retaliated violently against a nonviolent, unarmed protest calling for India’s Union. The portuguese forces quickly surrendered after a lopsided air, sea and land campaign.
- Sino-Indian War 1962:
In 1962, India and China fought a month-long border battle. During a war involving a lot of mountain fighting, neither country used its air or naval forces. China declared a unilateral truce and recalled its troops to their pre-war positions to bring the war to an end.
- Indo-Sino conflict of 1967:
The Cho La incident (1-10 October 1967), also called the 1967 Sino Indian skirmish, was a military confrontation between India and China. On 1 October 1967, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army invaded Sikkim, but were repulsed by the Indian Army up to 10 October. Indian casualties totaled 88 killed in action and 163 wounded, compared to 340 killed in action and 450 wounded for the Chinese.
These wars were fought bravely by the Indian armed forces that proves their fighting capabilities. In addition to these wars, they have fought The Kargil War, 1999, Siachen War 1984 etc.
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- Conducted various rescue operations and promoted peacekeeping missions
The Indian defence forces not only fought the battles but also helped the nation during tough times and promoted peacekeeping missions. Some of these missions are mentioned hereunder:
- Relief operations:
The Indian Air force has offered their services in various relief operations by supplying essential food and medical facilities across the globe. They have conducted rescue operations during 2010 Ladakh floods, 2013 Uttarakhand floods. Also, conducted Operation Rahat to evacuate Indian Citizens from Yemen in 2015.
- United Nations Peacekeeping missions:
Since their establishment, India has provided numerous troops to different UN missions. India has actively participated in almost 43 peacekeeping missions, contributing over 160000 soldiers and a large number of police officers. Approximately 8000 Indian UN peacekeepers, both women and men, have been deployed in nine missions as of June 2013. It includes, Cote de lvoire, Congo, Cyprus, South Sudan, Abeyi, Liberia, Lebanon, Haiti and UNDOF.
- Explorations by the Indian Navy:
Adventure expeditions are routinely conducted by the Indian Navy. On January 23, 2003, the sailing ship and training vessel INS Tarangini set sail around the world to establish friendly ties with other countries; she returned to India in May of the following year after making a visit to 36 different ports in 18 countries.
- Efforts of IAF in eclipse study:
The Indian Air Force flew successful sorties to assist Indian scientists in their analysis of the total eclipse that occurred on July 23, 2010. Two separate missions from Agra and Gwalior flew along the route of the moon’s shadow, a flight that scientists involved in the experiment considered a big success.
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Importance of defence forces is embellished in the points written above. As a defence aspirant, you should be well versed with the significance of the sector you are going to enter. So, go through the aforementioned points.